Carbon dioxide emissions rose last year for the first time since 2014, according to data from the International Energy Agency (IEA).

The amount of greenhouse gases being pumped into the atmosphere climbed by 1.4%, despite a fall in emissions from the UK, United States, Japan and Mexico.

The increase was driven by a 2.1% rise in demand for energy, more than twice the previous year’s rate.

Coal, oil and gas met more than 70% of the increased demand, with renewables accounting for much of the rest.

Renewables make ‘impressive strides’

Fatih Birol, the IEA’s Executive Director, said: “The robust global economy pushed up energy demand last year, which was mostly met by fossil fuels, while renewables made impressive strides.

“The significant growth in global energy-related carbon dioxide emissions in 2017 tells us that current efforts to combat climate change are far from sufficient.

“For example, there has been a dramatic slowdown in the rate of improvement in global energy efficiency as policy makers have put less focus in this area.”

> Download the IEA's report